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24-02-2015, 15:37Print
A competition is the practice of a game that it takes as proved a classification of the participants, winners and some type of recognition for the best, such as a trophy, economic award or title, according to the fulfillment of a target. A competition differs from the game practised with a mere recreational purpose, where neither target nor any honor decides.

Some competitions need a high number of meetings or tests, which develop of continuous form along the whole period (normally for one year or semester). In other cases a winner is obtained with the least number of clashes to be able to develop it in a limited time, or inserted with the main regular competition along the whole period. A competition alone is that in that the only participant must achieve certain target, without the rivals' presence.

Typically, the competitions are led by persons. Some competitions demand the use of vehicles or animals, while others realize theirs robots. Originally, the competitions were realized they realize inside a physical space, be in a field or on a table. From the emergence of the video games, competitions can develop in virtual spaces, therefore persons and artificial beings can compete between themselves.

Different organizations celebrate official competitions. An example is the International Federation of Soccer Association (FIFA), which organizes the World Cup of Soccer in which there take part national teams of the whole planet. The organized competitions go from the high professional competition to the semiprofessional, university competitions, liceales and school. Also, fans compete alone or between themselves in an informal way.

The first well-known sports magazines competition there are the Olympic Games, when it prohibited Teodosio I. In later epochs, the sports competitions have been increasing in number due to the invention of many sports; an example is the basketball invented by Dr. James Naismith.

Championships systems

There exist games that are practised in an individual way, for couples (or doubles) and in team. In every form, the form of clash is different.

Individual qualification

Every competitor has to realize a test independent from the one that derives a qualification. The qualification can be a mark reached (for example: in athletics, a height overcome in high jump or a length reached in throwing of weight) or a punctuation granted by an umpire or judge (for example: the notes in gymnastics).

When the punctuation is based on a human evaluation, a subjectivity grade always exists. In other cases, the punctuation is objective, for example a goal in soccer, which decides when rival brings in the ball to the goal, and the umpire must observe this condition to indicate the note.

In spite of its individual character, the tests develop in the context of meetings or meetings in which a certain number of competitors takes part. Concluded the tests one arranges a list ordained as qualifications headed by the winning correspondent.


Career of Formula .
Except for the rally and the rally raid, all the competitors of a career face of simultaneous form on the track. Every competitor perceives in real-time its position, and its effort can fit according to the situation of its competitors in every moment. In this case, it is possible to observe to simple sight who the winner is: the competitor with the least time is the first one in overcoming the goal line.

In the speed tests of athletics, in swimming of swimming pool or in oar, there is no usually physical interaction between the competitors, because each one has his own street or rail, and has prohibited to leave it to obstruct physically the opposite ones.

In numerous disciplines of motorcycling and motoring, in the cycling in highway, in sail or in the tests of fund in athletics and swimming, all the participants share the same career area and then yes this complication exists, and the overtaking constitutes a difficulty element and therefore of skill and strategy.

A championship can be defined by means of the combination of the results of several careers.


In this system, a competitor has to challenge the current champion to gain the championship. Any competitor can defy the champion in any moment. This form of championship is used in the boxing, the struggle and other sports magazine pdf of combat.

Parties to two

In a lot of games, one competes for clash between two persons or teams. In every party there is a winner and a loser. Depending on the sport in question it is possible to admit also the possibility of a tie into equality, without winner or loser, while in the others there is some tiebreak system.

A party can be divided in several parts:

Times (the first time, second half, etc.): It is a mere temporary division, providing a rest period between one and other. The scoreboard is accumulative and it survives between times. It is the model in team sports like soccer, basketball and handball.
Sets: Periods with independent scoreboard. The final score of the party is given by the sets gained by one and other contenders. It is used in tennis, volleyball and badminton.
The competition between all the participants develops by means of multiple clashes two, to obtain finally a classification of the competitors.

System of league or mini-league

All the competitors have been to face each of the others, like minimum in an occasion. Along the competition, the teams are adding points according to its results in every clash; in general two or three points are granted by a victory, zero in case of defeat and a point for every contender in case of tie. This way, there is established a table where the competitors remain classified according to the points accumulated along the league.

If it is a question of one league to divided double (or double return), it means that the competitors face between them in two occasions: a party in the proper court and other in that of the opponent, compensating this way the possible advantage of the factor stood out. In this case, the number of parties (or days) is raised and for it it is the system that one usually uses in a long competition during the whole annual period.

Swiss system

The Swiss system consists of the confrontation, individual or for teams, during a prearranged number of rounds. Although it can have qualifying character, the usual thing is that all the competitors take part in all the rounds. In fact, the qualifying rounds system comes to be a variant of the Swiss system.

The punctuation of each one, in every round, determines the allocation of the rival, who must have the same punctuation or as nearby as possible. This way, an effect is taking place of leaked and a gradual weighting of all the competitors.

With a relatively reduced number of rounds it is possible to obtain a general classification. For example, a competition between players needs rounds to obtain the champion and to classify to the rest. It is true that this classification can be more trustworthy, more refined, all the more rounds are added.

The efficacy of the system increases if all the competitors are arranged initially according to its theoretical force and if this initial order is taken into consideration in the subsequent pairings.

Qualifying rounds system

All the competitors go facing for couples, but in this case the losers of the meetings are leaving the competition and the number of participants diminishes in every parties new round, coming to a final party (the Final) between the last two survivors. Every qualifying round can be to the only party or of divided double.

The champion yes is like that the winner of all the winners, but the hazard in the pairings can do that a team turns out to be eliminated prematurely in a position little according to its potential. If two teams potentially finalists coincide with the first phases, the runner-up would end up by being a third one more benefited by the order of the clashes. To avoid this it usually do guided drawings or with seeds preventing the best from facing in first rounds.

The so called Cup competitions usually use these elimination systems.

In some tournaments of direct elimination, every crossing is defined to several meetings. In soccer, it is common that must stake two parties to determine the one who is the winner; it is the case of the Champions League of the UEFA and the Cup Liberator of America. In basketball it is habitual that the keys define to five or seven parties, and in baseball up to nine parties.

In some tournaments, generally called open seas, the inscription is opened to a big number of participants who are submitted to a phase previous to classification by qualifying rounds to reduce quickly the number. The players of more level incorporate advanced rounds, to prevent from getting worn of the classification parties before excessively weak rivals.

Mixed systems

It is possible to combine in different phases of the same competition the system of mini-league and that of qualifying rounds. Different combinations are used:

Regular phase and final phase: League system during the regular period, and the second phase in which the better classified teams take part. This final phase can be disputed like a limited mini-league or like a qualifying round.
Competition for groups: The first classification phases can develop for the mini-league system, but in this case there become groups to reduce the number of clashes. The best classified ones under every group happen to compete in the later phase.

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